We demonstrated the expression of corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) in human placenta using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction-Southern blot analysis and immunohistochemical and immunoblotting studies. In the RT-PCR-Southern blot analysis, only one predicted PCR product was detected without nonspecific products in all samples of human placenta and 3A (tPA-30-1) human placental cells. In Western blot analysis, polyclonal anti-CBG antibodies recognized a protein of approximately 55 kD in the protein extracts prepared from 3A (tPA-30-1) cells. Additionally, CBG mRNA expression was demonstrated by in situ hybridization in the syncytiotrophoblasts. Immunohistochemical studies performed on the placenta demonstrated the presence of specific immunoreactivity in the syncytiotrophoblast layer surrounding the chorionic villi. These findings suggest that CBG is synthesized in human placenta during pregnancy in addition to its synthesis in the liver.

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Results  Following IV hydrocortisone, AUC and half-life of SerF were significantly higher in the OCP group and lower in the CBG null. SerF CL and V d were significantly lower in the OCP group and increased in the CBG null, compared to HV. PK parameters for FreeF and the salivary biomarkers were not different between the CBG null and HV, although OCP patients still had higher AUC compared to HV and prolonged half-life. These findings were confirmed following oral hydrocortisone, but concentration–time profiles were highly heterogeneous and SalF interpretation was problematic because of oral contamination.