Contraceptive studies have confused the issues. Over 60 medical conditions increased in takers in the first few years of the world's largest Pill study (Royal College of GPs). Surprisingly, health benefits were claimed (even though one in three women had left the study and many younger never-takers were switched to be Pill-takers to replace losses). Women who ever took the Pill were three times more likely to die before age 30. Violent deaths were still increased for up to 40 years. Ever taking the Pill for 44 months was claimed to prevent premature deaths because of a crucial mistake of not recording recent hormone use in the last 10 years of the study, when 75% of the deaths occurred. Half of menopausal women are likely to have taken Pill hormones again, this time as HRT. Combined HRT has been proved to increase deaths.
Hormones are like messengers in your body that give orders to your cells to do particular things. They are chemicals that are manufactured by glands and released into the bloodstream, sort of holding a sign up with a type of cell's name on it (like a limo driver at the airport waiting to pick up a client.) Most cells ignore the hormone, but when it comes across the right one its chemical "message" is read and the cell starts to do what it has been told. This message could be a lot of different things, but generally it is meant to keep the body functioning and in balance. Too much of a certain hormone can have results such as your gym partner in 8th grade growing a mustache before everybody else or your girlfriend in the 9th grade freaking out on you during "that time of the month."
Diagnosis is based on the presence of comedones (pimples) and lesions at various stages of development. Left untreated, it can lead to both scarring and abnormal pigmentation.
It can be caused or exacerbated by elevated androgen levels. Androgen disturbances should be suspected when female adolescents have severe acne or when it persists into adult years, particularly when accompanied by other androgen-related effects such as hirsutism, infertility and weight problems.
If you have acne, hirsutism, or hair loss, these tests would be helpful in diagnosing the cause of your problems: serum levels of testosterone, DHEAS, LH, FSH, prolactin, cholesterol, triglycerides, and thyroid hormones. A two-hour glucose tolerance test with accompanying insulin levels should also be done.
Many PCOS women will have abnormal levels of one or more of these tests, although normal values do not rule out a diagnosis. Once your hormone imbalances are identified, the appropriate treatment can be recommended.